What is EM?
EM stands for Effective Micro-organisms. EM is a combination of various beneficial, naturally-occurring microorganisms mostly used for or found in foods. It contains beneficial organisms from 3 main genera: Phototrohic bacteria, Latic acid bacteria and Yeast.
Effective microorganisms were developed over many years in liquid form by Prof. Teruo Higa, University of the Ryukyus, and finished in 1982. At first, EM was considered an alternative for agricultural chemicals. But its use has now spread to applications in environmental, industrial and health fields. However, it must be stressed that EM is not a synthetic chemical or a medicine.
Sarvodaya Economic Enterprise Development Services (Guarantee) Ltd is the authorized Sole Agent for EMRO (EM Research Organization) and APNAN (Asia Pacific Natural Agriculture Network) for manufacturing and marketing of EM in Sri Lanka
EM for animal husbandry
A wide variety of feeds including corn silage feed, green fodder feed and commercial feed can be fermented with EM. EM extended can also be added to the drinking water diluted at the ratio of 1:500. Using EM also helps to reduce harmful side effects of vaccinations and other medications in meat and milk.
EM for recycling polluted water
Normally, polluted water includes high levels of BOD, COD, pH, E.coli and other contaminations. Before using EM, testing the properties of the water is recommended. The purpose of recycling should also be determined, i.e., simply for the removal of offensive odors, usage for agriculture, for drainage, ete. Polluted water properties and the purpose of recycling determine the application method for EM.
EM for recycling solid waste (city waste, kitchen garbage)
Solid waste and kitchen garbage can be recycled into fertilizer with EM. The method is the same as that for EM Compost. Odor from the waste can be quickly removed. Generally, EM converts waste into harmless and useful products. Waste includes all kinds from sewage waste to toxic waste. Normally, decomposition of waste takes several months; with EM it takes only 4 to 6 weeks.
EM in daily life
EM can be used in our daily lives in many different ways. It can be sprayed into toilets to remove unpleasant odors, used in bathrooms as protection from fungus, in kitchens to remove the smell of food, in washing machines as a detergent alternative, in closets to protect clothes from insects, in shoes to remove odor, and on lawns and gardens to grow flowers, fruits and vegetables. Because of this wide variety of EM applications, it is easy for EM to spread from household to household or to neighbors, towns, cities and so on. When it does, you will be creating an ideal community to live in with a healthy environment. EM extended diluted at the ratio of 1:500, or EM-l diluted at the ratio of 1:5,000 is recommended for the above applications.
Note: This pamphlet provides only preliminary information. You are advised to consult an EM expert before starting to use EM.
EM for Agriculture
The best way to use EM for farming depends on the region, the quality of the soil, the climate, cultivation methods, irrigation, crops and other factors.
Arid and desert land
Such lands normally have less moisture, less organic matter, less soil microorganisms and greater salinity. According to our studies and experiments, one dose of 40 liters of EM-l and 4 to 5 tons of EM Compost per acre per crop is recommended for such lands.
Use of EM in Agriculture
1. EM promotes germination, growth, flowering, fruiting and ripening in of crop plants.
2. EM enhance the photosynthetic capacity of plants
3. EM enhance efficacy of organic matter as fertilizers
4. EM develops plants resistance to pest and diseases
5. EM improves physical, chemical and biological environment of the soil
6. EM suppress soil borne pathogens and pests
Facilitate continuous cropping, yields greater quantities of better quality crops and most essentially eliminates the use of high costs incurring on agrochemicals in agriculture
EM for fisheries
According to our research and experiments, EM is extremely beneficial for fish farming. Fish food is fermented with EM before feeding. A variety of feeds made with EM include those from animal droppings, solid waste with Bokashi, and commercial feed. To ferment the feed, the same process as that for making EM Bokashi is used.
Note: *For raising larger, high-quality fish, preparing a proper fish pond is recommended.
• Do not use old or rotten feed. .
EM for poultry
EM has become very popular in the poultry industry. Feed is fermented with EM before feeding. A variety of feeds made with EM include those from animal droppings, solid waste with Bokashi, and commercial feed. Preparation is the same as that for fish. EM is added to the drinking water at a ratio of 1:1:1,000-5,000. We can apply for the liter as 1:1:100 ratio.
Note: * Dry feed should be fed to poultry.